Gonorrhea - Symptoms, Tests and Treatment

Gonorrhea is STD that causes infection in genitals, rectum and throat. One can get gonorrhea by having vaginal, anal, or oral sex with someone who has gonorrhea. A pregnant woman with gonorrhea can give the infection to her baby during childbirth.

Symptoms:

Men with gonorrhea may have no symptoms at all. However, men who do have symptoms, may have:

  • A burning sensation when urinating
  • A white, yellow, or green discharge from the penis
  • Painful or swollen testicles (although this is less common).

Most women with gonorrhea do not have any symptoms. Even when a woman has symptoms, they are often mild and can be mistaken for a bladder or vaginal infection. Symptoms in women can include:

  • Painful or burning sensation when urinating
  • Increased vaginal discharge
  • Vaginal bleeding between periods

Rectal infections may either cause no symptoms or cause symptoms in both men and women that may include:

  • Discharge
  • Anal itching
  • Soreness
  • Bleeding
  • Painful bowel movements

You should be examined by your doctor if you notice any of these symptoms or if your partner has an STD or symptoms of an STD, such as an unusual sore, a smelly discharge, burning when urinating, or bleeding between periods.

Time when symptoms start appearing: 2 - 7 days (often no symptoms)

When is it right time to test: After 7 days

Tests:

Urine test can be used to detect gonorrhea. However, in few cases, swabs from throat and rectum will be needed for better diagnosis.

Treatment:

Antibiotics. Medication for gonorrhea should not be shared with anyone. Although medication will stop the infection, it will not repair any permanent damage done by the disease.

A newborn whose mother has gonorrhea at the time of delivery.

Anyone who has had sexual contact in the past 60 days with a person diagnosed with gonorrhea, whether or not they have symptoms or used condoms.

If you have been treated for gonorrhea and don't get better, you may be retested with a gonorrhea culture to see if there is bacterial resistance to the antibiotic you were taking. If there is bacterial resistance, you will need another antibiotic to cure the infection.

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